Most people have a vague understanding of the difference between the lake and the sea due to the historically-established names of the Caspian, Aral and Dead sea, actually being lakes, and lake Baikal, which the locals proudly call the sea, shocked by his size and magnificence.
The lake is a closed depression in the earth’s continental crust, which is filled with water. Lake waters belong to the land, along with rivers, swamps, glaciers and groundwater. A leader in the parameter area in the world is the Caspian sea, there is no depth of the reservoir equal to the Baikal. He is a key reservoir of fresh water for humans.
Lake classification is a consequence of how the lake deepening. Highlights – this is a tectonic lake that was the result of discontinuous horizontal or vertical movements of the earth’s crust. Over time, the fracture gap is filled with water. Thus was formed the lake Baikal, African lakes Nyasa and Tanganyika. With the lowering part of the continental plate due to the emergence of the Caspian and Aral seas.
Lakes are formed when the rock-fall. Thus perevarivaetsya the river bed, necessarily flowing in a mountain valley. A huge number of such lakes in the Pamir and in mountains of Asia Minor. Continue reading
Volga Federal district is a territory adjacent to the Volga or close to it situated, economically and geographically adjacent to it. Within the Volga region allocated comparatively upbeat with the right Bank of the Volga upland and the left Bank — the so-called Zavolzhie. Earlier was a part of Volga Bulgaria, great Tartary.
The area is located in the Eastern part of the Russian plain on the banks of the Volga. The Park area is approximately 536 thousand sq. km. In the district include: Astrakhan, Penza, Orenburg, Nizhny Novgorod, Kirov, Saratov, Ulyanovsk, Volgograd, Samara region, Republic of Udmurtia, Bashkortostan, Tatarstan, Chuvashia, Mari-El, Mordovia and Perm region. Center of Volga Federal district Samara is considered. In the name of Samara can be traced from Eastern roots. “Himself” (or “sham”) – arid, steppe, hot. “Ar” is a water stream, river, ditch. Samara – river steppes. The city has a variety of hydrological objects in the first place, of course, the Volga and the rivers Samara and Juice, the springs and lakes of Samara.
The most famous of the lake Samara– Voronezh lakes – a unique monument of nature, miraculously survived among the stone houses. Unfortunately, during the construction of the complex “Empire” were closed ground water and one lake went dry. One of the oldest resort areas of the Volga region are the lakes Elton and Baskunchak Continue reading
On our planet a great number of lakes, created by nature. But some of her creations are not only beautiful but also very unusual. Not coincidentally, they are among the most beautiful places of our planet and become landmarks of the countries in which they are located. Here are some of them.
Lake Morning Glory
The lake is a Morning glory in Yellowstone National Park (USA). It is a very unusual body of water: the highlight of it is that it has a non uniform bright color and shape of the bottom in the form of pipes. The lake received the poetic name in the 19th century; it then was a beautiful bright purple color. The rumor about wonder lake quickly spread through the world, and the lake became the attraction of these places. Some come to admire the beauty of the lake were throwing coins to come back again, others garbage. All this led to the fact that the heat source that feeds the lake, was clogged; the water multiplied microorganisms, which resulted in a color change. The water itself is very transparent, and the color changes depending on the weather, temperature and number of microorganisms in the water.
Ink lake is located in Algeria Continue reading