Volcanic lake is considered one of the wonders of nature. Because their nature is in truth paradoxical – huge bodies of water, born of fire and heat.
Volcanic crater lake located in Oregon, USA. Enchanting deep blue color and crystal clarity of its water made a crater lake one of the main natural attractions of the state. The lake was almost not affected by industrial waste and is the cleanest lake in the United States. It was formed about 7,700 years ago resulting in the death of the volcano mount Masama. Considered to be the indigenous inhabitants of the adjacent territories – the Indian tribe Klamath witnessed the formation of the lake. In their legends the eruption of mount Masami associated with the battle of the God of heaven and God of the underworld, and the lake today is divine in nature and is closely connected with spiritual practice of Indians.
The volcanic lake Nyos is located in the North-Western part of Cameroon. Under the lake is a layer of magma, the carbon dioxide emitted by the magma, constantly seeps into the groundwater feeding the lake, turning the lower layers of water in the lake in carbon dioxide. Lake Nyos was a time bomb – tremors in 1986 led to the Limnological catastrophe. claimed the lives of thousands of people and animals. Instantly once in the Guinness book of records as the most dangerous lake in the world.
Lake Toba is a huge lake located in the crater of the volcano on the island of Sumatra, in Indonesia. Its length exceeds 100 km and width 30 km – all this makes it the largest lake in Indonesia and the largest volcanic lake in the world. Toba was formed about 74 000 years ago, as a result of a powerful eruption within the last 25 million years, resulting in a long winter (about 30 years), which destroyed a large part of the population of primitive people that inhabited the vicinity of the volcano space. About 2,000 survivors of the terrible consequences of the birth of lake Toba, migrated to the territory of modern Africa, becoming the ancestors of modern humans.
In the centre of the stratovolcano Katmai . on the Alaska Peninsula, nestled a beautiful volcanic lake. Which was long hidden from human eyes, like a volcano, uninhabited surrounding areas. But in 1912 Katmai announced himself to the world through the eruption, either being one of the two most powerful eruptions in the 20th century. This 60-hour eruption led to the formation of a deep crater, which became the cradle for modern lakes.
Lake Ijen is located in the crater of a volcano of the same name from the island of Java. The surface of the lake is a pleasing shade of turquoise, and all thanks to the deposits of sulfur located too close to the lake and turns its water into acid.