Lakes of Gorny Altai: lake Teletskoye
Lake Teletskoye is the largest lake of the Altai. Its name comes from the tribe of the Altai Teleuts, and Altaiski is called Altyn-Kol, which means “Golden lake”. According to an old legend, in ancient times the Altai was hunger. One Altaian had a large gold ingot, but beating the entire Altai, and could not at him to buy anything. Frustrated and hungry, “rich” the poor man threw his gold into the lake and died in its waves. Since then, the language of the Altai, the lake is called Altyn-Col “Golden lake”.
Teletskoye lake is considered one of the main attractions of Altai. The lake is situated at an altitude of 436 m above sea level, surrounded by high mountain ranges, including Korbu (2059 m) and Altyn-Tu. The lake area of 223 sq km, the average width is 3.2 km, length – about 80 km, maximum depth – 325 m. the lake Teletskoe is among the 15 deepest lakes in the world. Almost 70% of the water in the lake brings the river Chulyshman. the rest – the numerous rivers and rivulets. Fresh water volume is 40 cubic km From the lake originates river Biya. Input Biya in the area of Teletskoye lake is very clear and very cold.
To lake Teletskoye is accessible from Biysk and Gorno-Altaysk. Despite its popularity, the Teletskoye lake is not yet completely populated by tourists, widely available only the Northern part of the lake, near the village of Artybash, the South can only be reached by boat or ship.
Teletskoye lake fills the depression of tectonic origin, processed by an ancient glacier. The lake has two pronounced Bay – Kempinski in the North and Cywinski in the southern part and two Islands – tiny at the Cape of aji and a little more – in the Delta Chulyshman (Isle of Qaim). Also widely known among tourists is a small Bay in the Northern part of the lake – a Stone Bay .
Filled with mountain water of a deep lake remains cold throughout the year, it’s almost impossible to swim. In the upper area even on warm summer days the water rarely warms above 10°C.
Teletskoe lake is often called the younger brother of Baikal. As well as the Baikal, the lake is very deep, stretched between the mountains and has a much greater length than width, it flows into the many rivers and streams (about 80), and flows only 1 – river Biya.
The lake is rich in fish, including grayling, trout, lake the Dace, the pike, which customers can purchase by local residents.
The Eastern part of lake Teletskoye is included in the boundaries of the Altai state reserve, which is the main research center for the study of the nature of the Teletskoye lake area.
In the Northern part of the lake there are tourist complexes, from which start numerous Hiking, water, horse-riding routes in the North-Eastern part of Gorny Altai. The main attractions that are popular with holidaymakers in the region of Teletskoye lake – waterfall Korbu. Kishte waterfall, Stone Bay. the waterfalls on the Third river .