The Lake of Plastira – Thessaly Switzerland
Lake Plastira – Thessaly Switzerland
Lake Plastira (the official name of the Tavropos ) is an artificial lake . located in the mountains of Thessaly (kardítsa district), at an altitude of 750 meters, supplying water to the Hydroelectric settlement and Tavropos of Karditsa.
The Tavropos reservoir – manmade – blue “shred” on a green canvas created by nature; the creation of man and nature, which became one of the most beautiful places in Greece, ideal for a relaxing holiday in all seasons .
Interestingly, the human intervention has not worsened the climate of the region, but rather is improved, contributing to the development of this district in all spheres of life and especially in travel .
Currently the lake Plastira with its scattered here and there, traditional villages, beautiful fjords, crystal clear water, in which more than 10 species of fish, on the right is the decoration district of Karditsa.
In addition, lake Plastira has a remarkably convenient geographical position, is situated at 325 km from the capital of Greece and 250 km from Thessaloniki.
In ancient times there ran the river Tavropos . which in the South was connected to Acheloos . the second longest river of Western Greece. The very same area was called Neuropolis. As you can see, the toponym indicates that there were once such animals as deer, because “neuros” is the Greek word for calf.
Around 1928, a resident of Karditsa, General Nikolaos Plastiras (later Prime Minister of Greece) had the idea of building a dam on the river Megdovas (Tavropos) for the irrigation of the thessalian valley and the production of electrical energy using the force of falling water. In this case neither the Nikolaos Plastiras, nor the group of experts, including engineer hydraulic structures – Lambrettas who chose the location of the dam, and engineer Arhontova, samrachana A. Cocacolas and officer O. Papamanolis, even had no idea of the result of this mighty conception of the project.
The construction of the dam was carried out by a French company from 1958 to 1962 on the money that Italy had paid Greece after the war (war reparations).
It is relevant to note that during the Italian-German occupation, the inhabitants of the whole district has had a mass resistance to enemy forces, so it is not a coincidence that it was here, on the plateau Necropolis in the area of Agrafa, he was allied airfield headquarters of ELAS – Greek people’s liberation army, and the residence of the Provisional revolutionary government of the mountains . located in the village of Koryschades.
At the present time on the lake, a flooded former airfield, is a small monument to the first Soviet plane that landed here in 1943 with the command staff of the Soviet officers to help in the fight against the Nazi invaders . at the opening of which was attended by the Soviet Ambassador to Greece (1984 -1986 ) Igor Y. Andropov.
12 March 1943 the soldiers of ELAS, after fleeing Italian troops in Trikala, parading signed in Karditsa, which became the first free city of subjugated Europe .
The implementation plan Plastira, valley Necropolis, turned into an artificial lake, which harmoniously fit into the surrounding natural landscape, as if there is always a gloss reflected the water surface of the largest lake in Greece . nestled among beautiful mountain scenery.
The area of lake Plastira, in total, is 2. 500 acres; the maximum depth reaches about 65 m. the length – 14 km width and 4 km In turn, the length of the dam is 220 m. altitude 83 m
The resulting reservoir flooded land ownership many residents of the surrounding villages, but over time has turned these losses a hundredfold, becoming a popular tourism destination and, thereby, contributing to the active development of the region.
The administrative territory of the lake is divided into 4 municipalities (Dimos) – Metropolis, Plastira, Nevrokopi and Itamu . so named for the eponymous name of the rare breed of spruce trees growing in the area.
The area of Plastira’s lake is considered a “Paradise” for nature lovers, because Thessaly Switzerland is unique in its beauty, both in summer and winter, representing a great interest for foreign and local tourists.
Here you can walk in beautiful forests, which grow deciduous and coniferous trees (oak, chestnut, plane trees, firs, spruces and cedars), but also mountain climbing, fishing, swimming, horse riding, Canoeing and Biking (snow – skiing), and traveling on off-road jeeps and even hunt wild boar.
Numerous hotels, taverns, bars and other tourist businesses generously provide their services to the numerous visitors of the region.