Most people have a vague understanding of the difference between the lake and the sea due to the historically-established names of the Caspian, Aral and Dead sea, actually being lakes, and lake Baikal, which the locals proudly call the sea, shocked by his size and magnificence.
The lake is a closed depression in the earth’s continental crust, which is filled with water. Lake waters belong to the land, along with rivers, swamps, glaciers and groundwater. A leader in the parameter area in the world is the Caspian sea, there is no depth of the reservoir equal to the Baikal. He is a key reservoir of fresh water for humans.
Lake classification is a consequence of how the lake deepening. Highlights – this is a tectonic lake that was the result of discontinuous horizontal or vertical movements of the earth’s crust. Over time, the fracture gap is filled with water. Thus was formed the lake Baikal, African lakes Nyasa and Tanganyika. With the lowering part of the continental plate due to the emergence of the Caspian and Aral seas.
Lakes are formed when the rock-fall. Thus perevarivaetsya the river bed, necessarily flowing in a mountain valley. A huge number of such lakes in the Pamir and in mountains of Asia Minor. Continue reading
We know that on Earth there are many places with extreme habitat, which sometimes look quite harmless and friendly, but it is hardly possible to say something similar about lake Natron. Should try to describe it in colors, like immediately come to mind only such epithets as alien, bloody and lifeless, that is partly true.
The lake appeared in the midst of the mountain massif of the East African rift, near the border with Kenya and in close proximity to the volcano Ol Doinyo of Lengai. Seismic activity began in this region over 2 million years ago and becoming commonplace for many years, gradually changed the landscape and has refined the earth’s crust, preparing the space for lakes such as Natron, Manyara and Eyasi. Mountain river has eroded the volcanic rocks and formed in the lowlands reservoirs, each of which acquired certain characteristics and, perhaps, the most bizarre brainchild turned out it was the Natron.
With special bacteria which gives the lake a red tint, the pond becomes like a creation of science fiction writers, just like the ocean is sentient protoplasm from the book “Solaris”. Moreover, the lake temperature reaches 50-60 degrees Celsius and the alkaline level is off the charts – it makes the pond is totally unsuitable for most Continue reading
In one of the corners of Yelowstone reserve (Wyoming), famous for its geysers and thermal springs, is the most amazing multi-colored lake on Earth, which I was lucky to see in my life.
Such an unusual name it received thanks to Elizabeth McGowan, the wife of the Manager of the local land in the nineteenth century. In those days, the lake water was a bright blue color with yellow, sometimes orange trim, and the woman drew attention to the fact that it really is like the flower of a Morning Glory . featuring bright blue colors and quirky twisted shape.
On the way I met a rather cheerful Americans, who continually picked on me by the local saying: “if you Want to survive — get in the hole”. At first, to be honest, I don’t really understand what it was about, but the guys explained to me that the seismic situation in this region is quite unstable. Every year it shakes bad, but people exaggerate the rumor of the imminent the powerful volcanic eruption of Yellowstone. Together mocking is characteristic of some people to alarmism, we walked towards the lake.
When I looked at this natural creation for the first time, I was speechless and just stood there for a few minutes. Slightly moving away from hypnotic influence, my mind flashed a rapid and loud “it’s amazing, Continue reading