Big Almaty lake (KZ. Lken Almaty KL) is located in the gorge of the Bolshaya Almatinka river on the height of 2511 m above sea level and 28,5 km South of Almaty. Lies in a hollow, surrounded on all sides by mountain peaks. Like the vast majority of lakes of the Tien Shan, was the result of earthquakes. Above the lake rise the three main peaks that can be seen from the North end of the dam: the peak of the Soviets (4317 m) — in the South-East, lake peak (4110 m) — in the South, upwards on a river valley, the peak Tourist (3954 m) — South-West from the lake. Peak West of Turist is the crest of Bolshoi Almaty peak, a pyramid with a height of Z m, which is visible from the city centre. Depending on the time of year, the lake changes its color from light green to turquoise-blue. Fed by glacial water the lake stretches for 1.6 km long, almost a kilometer wide and 40 m deep.
Big Almaty lake is part of the Ile-Alatau national Park. The length of the path to the lake is 23 km from the city. The rise in the gorge itself is very risky because of the mudflow danger, and according to experts on a descent of mudflows, this lake stand the test of nature to this day. Continue reading
At an altitude of almost 1000 meters above sea level lies the unique lake Arey, on which different sides of the towering mountain ranges of Apple and Malkhanskiy. The length of this lake is more than three kilometers, stretching among magnificent pine and cedar forests, and its width is two miles. No river in the lake, the depth of which is thirteen and a half meters, not flows, and underground water is fed only salt water area.
The lake area has received the status of nature monument in 1980, and for environmentalists it is considered one of the most valuable places in the beautiful nature of the Zabaikalsk region. The keen interest of environmental organizations to the pond by the unique properties of water: salinity area is 250 mg/l – the amount of minerals in water is to a lesser degree, but also the lake water are bicarbonate, slightly alkaline and sodium-calcium-magnesium, which attests to their miraculous healing properties. With the filing of the population living in these places, the lake is planned to assign the status of natural protected state Park. The more that was discovered in the waters of a variety of clams – six species of which are listed in the Red book.
The lake area is surrounded by a picturesque forest, the shores are rich in vegetation where the ants had built a number of anthills. From the swamps, the sandy area fenced walls and bottom Continue reading
Most people have a vague understanding of the difference between the lake and the sea due to the historically-established names of the Caspian, Aral and Dead sea, actually being lakes, and lake Baikal, which the locals proudly call the sea, shocked by his size and magnificence.
The lake is a closed depression in the earth’s continental crust, which is filled with water. Lake waters belong to the land, along with rivers, swamps, glaciers and groundwater. A leader in the parameter area in the world is the Caspian sea, there is no depth of the reservoir equal to the Baikal. He is a key reservoir of fresh water for humans.
Lake classification is a consequence of how the lake deepening. Highlights – this is a tectonic lake that was the result of discontinuous horizontal or vertical movements of the earth’s crust. Over time, the fracture gap is filled with water. Thus was formed the lake Baikal, African lakes Nyasa and Tanganyika. With the lowering part of the continental plate due to the emergence of the Caspian and Aral seas.
Lakes are formed when the rock-fall. Thus perevarivaetsya the river bed, necessarily flowing in a mountain valley. A huge number of such lakes in the Pamir and in mountains of Asia Minor. Continue reading