Most people have a vague understanding of the difference between the lake and the sea due to the historically-established names of the Caspian, Aral and Dead sea, actually being lakes, and lake Baikal, which the locals proudly call the sea, shocked by his size and magnificence.
The lake is a closed depression in the earth’s continental crust, which is filled with water. Lake waters belong to the land, along with rivers, swamps, glaciers and groundwater. A leader in the parameter area in the world is the Caspian sea, there is no depth of the reservoir equal to the Baikal. He is a key reservoir of fresh water for humans.
Lake classification is a consequence of how the lake deepening. Highlights – this is a tectonic lake that was the result of discontinuous horizontal or vertical movements of the earth’s crust. Over time, the fracture gap is filled with water. Thus was formed the lake Baikal, African lakes Nyasa and Tanganyika. With the lowering part of the continental plate due to the emergence of the Caspian and Aral seas.
Lakes are formed when the rock-fall. Thus perevarivaetsya the river bed, necessarily flowing in a mountain valley. A huge number of such lakes in the Pamir and in mountains of Asia Minor. Continue reading
The volcano Kelimutu (Kelimutu) height 1639 meters, located on the Indonesian island of Flores, known for crater lakes, from time to time changes color. Natural reservoirs in which are dissolved various minerals that change color every few years, becoming turquoise, red, brown, green or black. While colour transitions occur independently from each other, which strengthens the faith of the locals in the supernatural origin. According to ancient myth, in the lakes of Kelimutu find peace and shelter the souls of the dead.
Tourist route along the crater Kelimutu on Flores island, Indonesia // Baktiar. Flickr
Overnight in the village of Moni (Moni) closest to the Kelimutu crater locality, you should book in advance, especially during peak dates (July and August). The guest house, as a rule, arrange shuttles to the lakes for an additional fee. To see the sunrise on the volcano, to leave Moni stands no later than four in the morning. This is the best time for visitation is not so much because the sun-drenched spectacular scenery, but because of the weather conditions: in the afternoon the lake is often hidden by dense fog. For walking, you should choose warm and good protection from wind clothes and take a torch, water and snacks. However, early in the morning the locals on the trail, preparing tea and coffee Continue reading
In the South-West of Karelia is a wonderful and unique lake – lake Janisjarvi. People settled on the banks of this lake in the stone age. There was always a lot of fish, and the forests that surround the lake, always lived animals, which could hunt. Later, when people began to engage in agriculture and construction, some local residents have lived at the expense of processing the nearby lands are very fertile, and some – at the cost of deforestation. By the arrival of the sawmills many of the residents of the glorious lake began to live at the expense of the logging and rafting timber. At the bottom of the lake was found an unknown ore, and marble, which were brought to the surface and sold. The locals called the lake “the lake is the breadwinner”, because all their income was only from him. At that time no one wondered when, and under what circumstances did this wonderful lake is the breadwinner.
Close to the lake study, scientists began only in the twenties of the last century. Scientist Finnish geologist Eskola has studied thoroughly the lake and all the surrounding Islands. He found on the Islands and in the center of the lake is an unusual breed. The researcher suggested that these unusual rocks are the result of a volcanic eruption that occurred about 700 million years ago.
Other Continue reading