Big Almaty lake (KZ. Lken Almaty KL) is located in the gorge of the Bolshaya Almatinka river on the height of 2511 m above sea level and 28,5 km South of Almaty. Lies in a hollow, surrounded on all sides by mountain peaks. Like the vast majority of lakes of the Tien Shan, was the result of earthquakes. Above the lake rise the three main peaks that can be seen from the North end of the dam: the peak of the Soviets (4317 m) — in the South-East, lake peak (4110 m) — in the South, upwards on a river valley, the peak Tourist (3954 m) — South-West from the lake. Peak West of Turist is the crest of Bolshoi Almaty peak, a pyramid with a height of Z m, which is visible from the city centre. Depending on the time of year, the lake changes its color from light green to turquoise-blue. Fed by glacial water the lake stretches for 1.6 km long, almost a kilometer wide and 40 m deep.
Big Almaty lake is part of the Ile-Alatau national Park. The length of the path to the lake is 23 km from the city. The rise in the gorge itself is very risky because of the mudflow danger, and according to experts on a descent of mudflows, this lake stand the test of nature to this day. Continue reading
Most people have a vague understanding of the difference between the lake and the sea due to the historically-established names of the Caspian, Aral and Dead sea, actually being lakes, and lake Baikal, which the locals proudly call the sea, shocked by his size and magnificence.
The lake is a closed depression in the earth’s continental crust, which is filled with water. Lake waters belong to the land, along with rivers, swamps, glaciers and groundwater. A leader in the parameter area in the world is the Caspian sea, there is no depth of the reservoir equal to the Baikal. He is a key reservoir of fresh water for humans.
Lake classification is a consequence of how the lake deepening. Highlights – this is a tectonic lake that was the result of discontinuous horizontal or vertical movements of the earth’s crust. Over time, the fracture gap is filled with water. Thus was formed the lake Baikal, African lakes Nyasa and Tanganyika. With the lowering part of the continental plate due to the emergence of the Caspian and Aral seas.
Lakes are formed when the rock-fall. Thus perevarivaetsya the river bed, necessarily flowing in a mountain valley. A huge number of such lakes in the Pamir and in mountains of Asia Minor. Continue reading
In the South-West of Karelia is a wonderful and unique lake – lake Janisjarvi. People settled on the banks of this lake in the stone age. There was always a lot of fish, and the forests that surround the lake, always lived animals, which could hunt. Later, when people began to engage in agriculture and construction, some local residents have lived at the expense of processing the nearby lands are very fertile, and some – at the cost of deforestation. By the arrival of the sawmills many of the residents of the glorious lake began to live at the expense of the logging and rafting timber. At the bottom of the lake was found an unknown ore, and marble, which were brought to the surface and sold. The locals called the lake “the lake is the breadwinner”, because all their income was only from him. At that time no one wondered when, and under what circumstances did this wonderful lake is the breadwinner.
Close to the lake study, scientists began only in the twenties of the last century. Scientist Finnish geologist Eskola has studied thoroughly the lake and all the surrounding Islands. He found on the Islands and in the center of the lake is an unusual breed. The researcher suggested that these unusual rocks are the result of a volcanic eruption that occurred about 700 million years ago.
Other Continue reading