The cool air even at the height of the short Northern summer, transparent glacial water, the spectacular scenery of the Icelandic plateau will appear before the traveller at strict beauty of the Northern nights. In Akureyri, the second largest city in Iceland, with a population of only 16 thousand people, there is an interesting exercise as connoisseurs of the history of Scandinavian countries, as well as eternal pilgrims, travelling the globe in search of unexplored corners of nature. For historians will be valuable going to the Akureyri Church. and for sportsmen — acquaintance with incredibly deep lake Eskuvo.
Nature – the main wealth of Iceland
A little known cruel nature of Iceland, especially the part located beyond the Polar circle, where is the town of Akureyri: a long winter, summer is fleeting and dormant volcanoes. On one of these volcanoes and settled a volcanic lake Eskuvo.
The volcano Askja, which is a lake, is an active stratovolcano, is located in the center of the Iceland plateau in the national Park Vatnajokull. The volcano height is 1510 meters above sea level. After a huge eruption in 1875 the volcano’s Caldera was formed at the same time two lake Viti and Esquevin. The difference to honey them Continue reading
Most people have a vague understanding of the difference between the lake and the sea due to the historically-established names of the Caspian, Aral and Dead sea, actually being lakes, and lake Baikal, which the locals proudly call the sea, shocked by his size and magnificence.
The lake is a closed depression in the earth’s continental crust, which is filled with water. Lake waters belong to the land, along with rivers, swamps, glaciers and groundwater. A leader in the parameter area in the world is the Caspian sea, there is no depth of the reservoir equal to the Baikal. He is a key reservoir of fresh water for humans.
Lake classification is a consequence of how the lake deepening. Highlights – this is a tectonic lake that was the result of discontinuous horizontal or vertical movements of the earth’s crust. Over time, the fracture gap is filled with water. Thus was formed the lake Baikal, African lakes Nyasa and Tanganyika. With the lowering part of the continental plate due to the emergence of the Caspian and Aral seas.
Lakes are formed when the rock-fall. Thus perevarivaetsya the river bed, necessarily flowing in a mountain valley. A huge number of such lakes in the Pamir and in mountains of Asia Minor. Continue reading
In the South-West of Karelia is a wonderful and unique lake – lake Janisjarvi. People settled on the banks of this lake in the stone age. There was always a lot of fish, and the forests that surround the lake, always lived animals, which could hunt. Later, when people began to engage in agriculture and construction, some local residents have lived at the expense of processing the nearby lands are very fertile, and some – at the cost of deforestation. By the arrival of the sawmills many of the residents of the glorious lake began to live at the expense of the logging and rafting timber. At the bottom of the lake was found an unknown ore, and marble, which were brought to the surface and sold. The locals called the lake “the lake is the breadwinner”, because all their income was only from him. At that time no one wondered when, and under what circumstances did this wonderful lake is the breadwinner.
Close to the lake study, scientists began only in the twenties of the last century. Scientist Finnish geologist Eskola has studied thoroughly the lake and all the surrounding Islands. He found on the Islands and in the center of the lake is an unusual breed. The researcher suggested that these unusual rocks are the result of a volcanic eruption that occurred about 700 million years ago.
Other Continue reading