The cool air even at the height of the short Northern summer, transparent glacial water, the spectacular scenery of the Icelandic plateau will appear before the traveller at strict beauty of the Northern nights. In Akureyri, the second largest city in Iceland, with a population of only 16 thousand people, there is an interesting exercise as connoisseurs of the history of Scandinavian countries, as well as eternal pilgrims, travelling the globe in search of unexplored corners of nature. For historians will be valuable going to the Akureyri Church. and for sportsmen — acquaintance with incredibly deep lake Eskuvo.
Nature – the main wealth of Iceland
A little known cruel nature of Iceland, especially the part located beyond the Polar circle, where is the town of Akureyri: a long winter, summer is fleeting and dormant volcanoes. On one of these volcanoes and settled a volcanic lake Eskuvo.
The volcano Askja, which is a lake, is an active stratovolcano, is located in the center of the Iceland plateau in the national Park Vatnajokull. The volcano height is 1510 meters above sea level. After a huge eruption in 1875 the volcano’s Caldera was formed at the same time two lake Viti and Esquevin. The difference to honey them Continue reading
In the South-West of Karelia is a wonderful and unique lake – lake Janisjarvi. People settled on the banks of this lake in the stone age. There was always a lot of fish, and the forests that surround the lake, always lived animals, which could hunt. Later, when people began to engage in agriculture and construction, some local residents have lived at the expense of processing the nearby lands are very fertile, and some – at the cost of deforestation. By the arrival of the sawmills many of the residents of the glorious lake began to live at the expense of the logging and rafting timber. At the bottom of the lake was found an unknown ore, and marble, which were brought to the surface and sold. The locals called the lake “the lake is the breadwinner”, because all their income was only from him. At that time no one wondered when, and under what circumstances did this wonderful lake is the breadwinner.
Close to the lake study, scientists began only in the twenties of the last century. Scientist Finnish geologist Eskola has studied thoroughly the lake and all the surrounding Islands. He found on the Islands and in the center of the lake is an unusual breed. The researcher suggested that these unusual rocks are the result of a volcanic eruption that occurred about 700 million years ago.
Other Continue reading
Finland. The Territory Of Finland. Finland – information about the country: geography, climate, flora and fauna. Map of Finland
Climate, flora and fauna
The climate of Finland is temperate, transitional to continental. The Finnish climate is much milder than you might think, given its Northern location. The average temperature 6-10 degrees higher than in similar latitudes of other places, due to its proximity to the Baltic sea and West winds from the Atlantic warmed by the Gulf stream. The warmest place is the Aland Islands (the average January temperature is -4’C). The most cold – the North-Western part of Lapland (-16’C). A large part of Finland has an average January temperature from -5’C to -7’C. Summer is cool, especially North of the Gulf of Bothnia. Night frosts occur even in July. The average temperature in July ranges from +15’C to +17’C.
The climate of Finland is characterized by a large number of windy days. Dominated by the southwest warm and humid winds blowing from the Bothnian sea and bringing the bulk of the precipitation. On the coast most precipitation falls in autumn, in the Central regions in winter. Sustainable snow cover is formed in the North in late October and lasts until the end of may, in the Central part – from late November to early may. Winters are long in Northern Lapland polar night lasts about 50 days. Continue reading