Most people have a vague understanding of the difference between the lake and the sea due to the historically-established names of the Caspian, Aral and Dead sea, actually being lakes, and lake Baikal, which the locals proudly call the sea, shocked by his size and magnificence.
The lake is a closed depression in the earth’s continental crust, which is filled with water. Lake waters belong to the land, along with rivers, swamps, glaciers and groundwater. A leader in the parameter area in the world is the Caspian sea, there is no depth of the reservoir equal to the Baikal. He is a key reservoir of fresh water for humans.
Lake classification is a consequence of how the lake deepening. Highlights – this is a tectonic lake that was the result of discontinuous horizontal or vertical movements of the earth’s crust. Over time, the fracture gap is filled with water. Thus was formed the lake Baikal, African lakes Nyasa and Tanganyika. With the lowering part of the continental plate due to the emergence of the Caspian and Aral seas.
Lakes are formed when the rock-fall. Thus perevarivaetsya the river bed, necessarily flowing in a mountain valley. A huge number of such lakes in the Pamir and in mountains of Asia Minor. Continue reading
The volcano Kelimutu (Kelimutu) height 1639 meters, located on the Indonesian island of Flores, known for crater lakes, from time to time changes color. Natural reservoirs in which are dissolved various minerals that change color every few years, becoming turquoise, red, brown, green or black. While colour transitions occur independently from each other, which strengthens the faith of the locals in the supernatural origin. According to ancient myth, in the lakes of Kelimutu find peace and shelter the souls of the dead.
Tourist route along the crater Kelimutu on Flores island, Indonesia // Baktiar. Flickr
Overnight in the village of Moni (Moni) closest to the Kelimutu crater locality, you should book in advance, especially during peak dates (July and August). The guest house, as a rule, arrange shuttles to the lakes for an additional fee. To see the sunrise on the volcano, to leave Moni stands no later than four in the morning. This is the best time for visitation is not so much because the sun-drenched spectacular scenery, but because of the weather conditions: in the afternoon the lake is often hidden by dense fog. For walking, you should choose warm and good protection from wind clothes and take a torch, water and snacks. However, early in the morning the locals on the trail, preparing tea and coffee Continue reading
On our planet a great number of lakes, created by nature. But some of her creations are not only beautiful but also very unusual. Not coincidentally, they are among the most beautiful places of our planet and become landmarks of the countries in which they are located. Here are some of them.
Lake Morning Glory
The lake is a Morning glory in Yellowstone National Park (USA). It is a very unusual body of water: the highlight of it is that it has a non uniform bright color and shape of the bottom in the form of pipes. The lake received the poetic name in the 19th century; it then was a beautiful bright purple color. The rumor about wonder lake quickly spread through the world, and the lake became the attraction of these places. Some come to admire the beauty of the lake were throwing coins to come back again, others garbage. All this led to the fact that the heat source that feeds the lake, was clogged; the water multiplied microorganisms, which resulted in a color change. The water itself is very transparent, and the color changes depending on the weather, temperature and number of microorganisms in the water.
Ink lake is located in Algeria Continue reading